Uterine (endometrial) cancer is the most common gynecologic cancer occurring in the United States. The disease usually affects women over age 50 and usually occurs after menopause.
The following factors may increase the risk:
- Age: Most endometrial cancers develop in women who are menopausal.
- Certain types of hormone treatments.
- Obesity: The more overweight, the higher the risk.
- Ethnicity: Caucasian women at higher risk for developing the disease.
Symptoms of uterine (endometrial) cancer may include:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding, especially after menopause. This is the most common symptom.
- Excessive menstrual bleeding
- Irregular periods
- Pelvic pain
- Lower abdominal pain
- Pain with intercourse
- Weight loss
- Shortness of breath
A doctor will perform a physical examination, review symptoms and perform testing for uterine (endometrial) cancer that can include:
If initial testing indicates the presence of uterine cancer, treatment may include:
- Radiation Therapy
- External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT)
- Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)
- High Dose Rate Brachytherapy (HDR)
- Hormone Therapy
- Participation in a clinical trial
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