Testicular cancer is a male cancer that starts in the testicles, part of the male reproductive system. It most often occurs in younger men, but can occur at any age. Family history of the disease can also play a role. Routine self-examination can help identify testicular cancer at its earliest, most treatable stage.
Testicular cancer has a high cure rate when diagnosed and treated early. St. Luke’s team of urologists and oncologists offer compassion and experience, using the most appropriate and effective treatment options for testicular cancer.
Symptoms of testicular cancer can include:
- Most common is a lump or swelling in one or both testicles
- A heavy feeling in the scrotum, the bag of skin that holds and protects the testicles
- Pressure or pain in the lower belly or groin area
- Advanced disease may cause sweating, fever, lack of energy, shortness of breath, pain in the lower back and belly, and headache
Treatment will depend on the stage of the tumor, which is determined after the testicle is surgically removed. Treatment options include:
- Surgery to remove the testicle.
- Surveillance following surgery may be appropriate, if cancer has not spread beyond the testicle.
- Radiation therapy
- Access to promising clinical trials
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