Coronary Artery Disease is the accumulation of fatty deposits along the innermost layer of the coronary arteries.Coronary artery disease occurs when the inner lining of the artery is damaged. Risk factors include high blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, smoking, a high-fat diet and an inactive lifestyle.
The Top Five Questions to Ask Your Cardiologist.
Perhaps you’re going to the cardiologist because your physician recommended it. Or maybe you have a family history of heart disease, and you want to stay on top of it. Or you have high blood pressure, or high cholesterol, or both... Read more.
How to Prevent it, and What to Do If You Have it.
Coronary artery disease, which can cause shortness of breath, chest pain, and even a heart attack, results from the build-up of plaque within the walls of the vessels that supply blood to the heart… Read more.
Living a healthy lifestyle that incorporates good nutrition, weight management and getting plenty of physical activity can play a big role in avoiding CAD. Additionally:
- Take all medications as prescribed by your doctor
- Get a flu vaccine each year
- Attend a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program
- Follow-up with your doctor regularly
Treatment of coronary artery disease starts with managing risk factors such as reducing cholesterol, controlling blood pressure, managing diabetes when present, achieving an ideal weight, getting more exercise and quitting smoking. Additionally, drug therapy, may be used to reduce or lower your of the risk of angina and having a heart attack.
Treatment may include:
- Coronary angioplasty
- Coronary artery bypass
Along with a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for CAD may include the following:
Suspecting an aortic aneurysm, your doctor may order one or more of the following tests:
- Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)
- Echocardiogram (ECHO)
- Stress test
- Cardiac Catheterization
- Nuclear Stress Test
- Nuclear Scanning to show the healthy and damaged areas of the heart