Spondylolistheis (stress fracture)
What is it?
Spondylolisthesis occurs when a vertebra in the lower spine slips forward and onto a bone below it.
Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors
Spondylolisthesis can affect people of any age. Causes include:
- Birth defects
- Fractures or other injury
Symptoms of spondylolisthesis may include:
- Pain in the lower back, buttocks or thighs
- Muscle tightness
- Back stiffness
- A feeling of weakness in the legs
People at particular risk:
- Are children with birth defects or are older people experiencing deterioration in the spine resulting from normal wear and tear
- Play contact sports or participate in extreme sports
- Do work or other physical activities that put strain on the spine
- Have had a spinal injury
A doctor will diagnose spondylolisthesis by performing a physical examination, reviewing symptoms and medical history, and conducting imaging test, such as X-rays, an MRI or CT scans.
Treatment for spondylolisthesis includes:
If the pain does not subside, the doctor may recommend surgery to fuse the disc and prevent it from slipping.
- Undergoing physical therapy
- Modifying lifestyle and activities
- Wearing a back brace