Toe Sprain

Toe Sprain

What is it?

Toe sprains occur when the ligaments in the toe are partially torn.

Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

Toe sprains can occur in many ways that impact the toe area, such as stubbing the toe or suddenly stopping when running. The risk factors for toe sprains include:

  • Playing sports
  • Dancing
  • Jumping
  • Participating in activities on an uneven surface

Symptoms of toe sprains include:

  • Pain and tenderness
  • Swelling and bruising

Tests

A doctor will diagnose a toe sprain by examining the foot, reviewing symptoms and medical history and conducting imaging tests, such as X-rays. There are three grades of toe sprains according to the damage to the ligaments. The grades are:

  • Grade 1—Stretching or tiny tears in the toe ligament
  • Grade 2—Partial tearing of the ligament with minor joint instability
  • Grade 3—Severe or complete tearing of ligament tissue with considerable joint instability

Treatments 

Treatments for toe sprains include:

  • Resting
  • Icing
  • Wrapping the toe with an elastic bandage
  • Elevating the toe above heart level
  • Changing or modifying footwear to offer more protection
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medication

Have Questions?

Call St. Luke's
Orthopaedic Specialists

Allentown,
Bethlehem,
Easton,
Wind Gap:
484-526-1735

Tamaqua:
570-645-1835

Phillipsburg:
908-859-8884

Quakertown:
267-424-8850

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