Shin Splint

Shin Splint

What is it?

A shin splint, also called tibial stress syndrome, refers to pain in the shin – the area in the front of the lower leg - caused by overuse, such as during athletic activities or exercise.

Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

This pain may be a dull ache or tenderness, and there may also be swelling, warmth and/or redness in the shin area. The condition may take several weeks to develop, and the pain may come and go. The risks of developing shin splints increase with:

  • Playing sports that involve jumping or running
  • Taking part in high-impact activities, such as dancing or aerobics
  • Overtraining
  • Wearing shoes that are worn out or don’t fit well
  • Having poor foot structure

Tests

A doctor will diagnose shin splints by examining the shin area and reviewing symptoms and medical history. The doctor may also conduct imaging tests, such as X-rays and bone scans, to rule out stress fractures.

Treatments

Treatments for shin splints include:

  • Icing the painful area
  • Applying heat after a few days
  • Massaging the area
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medication for discomfort
  • Inserting orthotic devices into the shoes

Have Questions?

Call St. Luke's
Orthopaedic Specialists

Allentown,
Bethlehem,
Easton,
Wind Gap:
484-526-1735

Tamaqua:
570-645-1835

Phillipsburg:
908-859-8884

Quakertown:
267-424-8850

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