What is it?
The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that extends from the heel to the toes and holds the bones in place on the bottom of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that occurs when this tissue becomes irritated and inflamed.
Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors
Plantar fasciitis is caused by overuse and symptoms include pain that can make walking difficult. Pain occurs in the heel and sole of the foot, often after rest. Women suffer from this condition more often than men and it is more common after the age of 40. Other risk factors for plantar fasciitis include:
- Participating in activities that put strain in the foot, such as running
- Improper shoe fit
- Flat feet
- High arches
A doctor will diagnose plantar fasciitis by examining the foot and reviewing symptoms and medical history. The doctor may take X-rays to rule out other problems.
Treatment of Plantar fasciitis includes:
- Taking anti-inflammatory medications
- Stretching the heel and foot
- Placing orthotic inserts in the shoe
- Wearing a splint at night
- Taking steroid injections
If pain persists, the doctor may recommend putting the foot in a short cast or boot cast to reduce strain on the foot or surgery to relieve pain and inflammation.