Hammertoe

Hammertoe

What is it?

A hammertoe occurs with the bending of one or both joints of any toe except the big toe. This causes pain in the toe, especially when wearing shoes.

Causes, Symptoms and Risk Factors

Hammertoes can be hereditary or caused by injury. They also are commonly caused by unevenness between a toe’s muscles and tendons. Hammertoe symptoms include:

  • Toe pain, especially when wearing shoes
  • A buildup of skin (called a corn) on the toe or foot caused by friction with the shoe
  • Inflammation
  • Sores

Tests

A doctor will check for hammertoes by examining the foot and checking toe movement. The doctor may take X-rays to determine the severity of the hammertoe.

Treatments

Treatment includes:

  • Padding corns and calluses
  • Avoiding shoes with pointed toes or high heels
  • Ensuring proper shoe fit
  • Placing an orthotic device in the shoe
  • Taking anti-inflammatory medication
  • Injecting a steroid into the joint to ease pain and inflammation

If the pain persists, the doctor may perform surgery to realign the toe.

Have Questions?

Call St. Luke's
Orthopaedic Specialists

Allentown,
Bethlehem,
Easton,
Wind Gap:
484-526-1735

Tamaqua:
570-645-1835

Phillipsburg:
908-859-8884

Quakertown:
267-424-8850

Online
Appointment Request