Heart Valve Problems

Heart Valve Problems

The heart has four valves: the aortic, mitral, tricuspid and pulmonary valves. The heart valves open to allow blood to be pumped forward, and they close to prevent fluid from flowing backward. Heart valves are flaps of tissue called leaflets or cusps. Heart valve problems can fall into two categories. Stenosis is when the opening of the valve is too narrow and interferes with the forward flow of blood. Regurgitation is when the valve doesn’t close properly and it leaks, sometimes causing a backflow of blood. 

Heart valve problems can be congenital (present at birth), or appear later in life. Heart valve problems can result in the following conditions:

St. Luke's Heart & Vascular